SAQ Standard Citation

Sexton JB, Helmreich RL, Neilands TB, Rowan K, Vella K, Boyden J, Roberts PR, Thomas EJ. The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire: Psychometric Properties, Benchmarking Data, and Emerging Research. BMC Health Services Research 2006;6:44.

Selected Bibliography

  • David D Odell, Christopher M. Quinn, Richard S. Matulewicz, Julie Johnson, Kathryn E. Engelhardt, Johan J. Stulberg, Anthony D. Yang, Jane L. Holl, Karl Y. Bilimoria. Association between Hospital Safety Culture and Surgical Outcomes in a Statewide Surgical Quality Improvement Collaborative. JACS 2019 Mar 9.
  • J Bryan Sexton, Stephanie P Schwartz, Whitney A Chadwick, Kyle J Rehder, Jonathan Bae, Joanna Bokovoy, Keith Doram, Wayne Sotile, Kathryn C Adair, Jochen Profit. The associations between work–life balance behaviours, teamwork climate and safety climate: cross-sectional survey introducing the work–life climate scale, psychometric properties, benchmarking data and future directions. BMJ Qual Saf 2017;26:632-640.
  • Cabral RA, Eggenberger T, Keller K, Gallison BS, Newman D. Use of a Surgical Safety Checklist to Improve Team Communication. AORN J. 2016 Sep;104(3):206-16. doi: 10.1016/j.aorn.2016.06.019.
  • Zwijnenberg NC, Hendriks M, Hoogervorst-Schilp J, Wagner C. Healthcare professionals’ views on feedback of a patient safety culture assessment. BMC Health Services Research. 2016;16:199. doi:10.1186/s12913-016-1404-8.
  • Kristensen S, Christensen KB, Jaquet A, Møller Beck C, Sabroe S, Bartels P, Mainz J. Strengthening leadership as a catalyst for enhanced patient safety culture: a repeated cross-sectional experimental study. BMJ Open. 2016 May 13;6(5):e010180.
  • Buljac-Samardzic M, van Wijngaarden JDH, Dekker-van Doorn CM. Safety culture in long-term care: a cross-sectional analysis of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire in nursing and residential homes in the Netherlands. BMJ Qual Saf 2016;25:424-431.
  • Berry JC, Davis JT, Bartman T, Hafer CC, Lieb LM, Khan N, Brilli RJ. Improved Safety Culture and Teamwork Climate Are Associated With Decreases in Patient Harm and Hospital Mortality Across a Hospital System. J Patient Saf. 2016 Jan 7. [Epub ahead of print]
  • Valentine MA, Nembhard IM, Edmonson AC. Measuring teamwork in health care settings: a review of survey instruments. Med Care. 2015 Apr;53(4):e16-30.
  • McGuire MJ, Noronha G, Samal L, Yeh HC, Crocetti S, Kravet S. Patient safety perceptions of primary care providers after implementation of an electronic medical record system. J Gen Intern Med. 2013 Feb;28(2):184-92.
  • Steyrer J, Schiffinger M, Huber C, Valentin A, Strunk G. Attitude is everything?: The impact of workload, safety climate, and safety tools on medical errors: a study of intensive care units. Health Care Manage Rev. 2012 Oct 18; [Epub].
  • Schwendimann R, Zimmermann N, Küng K, Ausserhofer D, Sexton B. Variation in safety culture dimensions within and between US and Swiss Hospital Units: an exploratory study. BMJ Qual Saf. 2012 Jul 6. [Epub]
  • McGuire MJ, Noronha G, Samal L, Yeh HC, Crocetti S, Kravet S. Patient Safety Perceptions of Primary Care Providers after Implementation of an Electronic Medical Record System. J Gen Intern Med. 2012 Aug 11. [Epub].
  • AbuAlRub RF, Gharaibeh HF, Bashayreh AEI. The Relationships Between Safety Climate, Teamwork, and Intent to Stay at Work Among Jordanian Hospital Nurses. Nursing Forum. 2012;47(1):65-75.
  • Taylor JA, Dominici F, Agnew J, Gerwin D, Morlock L, Miller MR. Do nurse and patient injuries share common antecedents? An analysis of associations with safety climate and working conditions. BMJ Qual Saf. 2012 Feb;21(2):101-11.
  • Vigorito MC, McNicoll L, Adams L, Sexton B. Improving safety culture results in Rhode Island ICUs: lessons learned from the development of action-oriented plans. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2011;37:509-514.
  • Carney BT, West P, Neily JB, Mills PD, Bagian JP. Improving Perceptions of Teamwork Climate With the Veterans Health Administration Medical Team Training Program. Am J Med Qual. 2011 Nov-Dec;26(6):480-4.
  • Lyndon A, Sexton JB, Simpson KR, Rosenstein A, Lee KA, Wachter RM. Predictors of likelihood of speaking up about safety concerns in labour and delivery. BMJ Qual Saf. 2011 Jul 1; [Epub].
  • Hoffmann B, Domanska OM, Albay Z, Mueller V, Guethlin C, Thomas EJ, Gerlach FM. The Frankfurt Patient Safety Climate Questionnaire for General Practices (FraSiK): analysis of psychometric properties. BMJ Qual Saf. 2011 Sep;20(9):797-805.
  • Halligan M, Zecevic A. Safety culture in healthcare: a review of concepts, dimensions, measures and progress. BMJ Qual Saf. 2011 Apr;20(4):338-43.
  • Sexton JB, Berenholtz SM, Goeschel CA, Watson SR, Holzmueller CG, Thompson DA, Hyzy RC, Marsteller JA, Schumacher K, Pronovost PJ. Assessing and improving safety climate in a large cohort of intensive care units. Crit Care Med. 2011 May;39(5):934-9.
  • Dudas RA, Bundy DG, Miller MR, Barone M. Can teaching medical students to investigate medication errors change their attitudes towards patient safety? BMJ Qual Saf. 2011 Apr;20(4):319-2.
  • Haynes AB, Weiser TG, Berry WR, et al., for the Safe Surgery Saves Lives Study Group. Changes in safety attitude and relationship to decreased postoperative morbidity and mortality following implementation of a checklist-based surgical safety intervention. BMJ Qual Saf. 2011 Jan;20(1):102-7.
  • Speroff T, Nwosu S, Greevy R, Weinger MB, Talbot TR, Wall RJ, Deshpande JK, France DJ, Ely EW, Burgess H, Englebright J, Williams MV, Dittus RS. Organisational culture: variation across hospitals and connection to patient safety climate. Qual Saf Health Care. 2010 Dec;19(6):592-6.
  • Paine LA, Rosenstein BJ, Sexton JB, Kent P, Holzmueller CG, Pronovost PJ. Assessing and improving safety culture throughout an academic medical centre: a prospective study. Qual Saf Health Care. 2010 Dec;19(6):547-54.
  • Carney BT, Mills PD, Bagian JP, Weeks WB. Sex differences in operating room care giver perceptions of patient safety: a pilot study from the Veterans Health Administration Medical Team Training Program. Quality and Safety in Health Care. 2010 Apr;19(2):128-31.
  • Chu-Weininger MYL, Wueste L, Lucke JF, Weavind L, Mazabob J, Thomas EJ. The impact of a tele-ICU on provider attitudes about teamwork and safety climate. Qual Saf Healthcare. 2010 Dec;19(6):e39.
  • O’Leary KJ, Wayne DB, Haviley C, Slade ME, Lee J, Williams MV. Improving teamwork: impact of structured interdisciplinary rounds on a medical teaching unit. J Gen Intern Med. 2010 Aug;25(8):826-32.
  • Huang DT, Clermont G, Kong L, Weissfeld LA, Sexton JB, Rowan KM, Angus DC. Intensive care unit safety culture and outcomes: a US multicenter study. Int J Qual Health Care. 2010;22(3):151-161.
  • Holden LM, Watts DD, Walker PH. Communication and collaboration: it’s about the pharmacists, as well as the physicians and nurses. Qual Saf Health Care 2010;19:169-172.
  • Timmel J, Kent PS, Holzmueller CG, Paine L, Schulick RD, Pronovost PJ. Impact of the Comprehensive Unit-Based Safety Program (CUSP) on safety culture in a surgical inpatient unit. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 2010;36(6):252-260.
  • Catchpole KR, Dale TJ, Hirst DG, Smith JP, Giddings TAEB. A multicenter trial of aviation-style training for surgical teams. J Patient Saf 2010;6:180-186.
  • Wolf FA, Way LW, Stewart L. The efficacy of medical team training: improved team performance and decreased operating room delays: a detailed analysis of 4863 cases. Ann Surg 2010;252:477-485.
  • Etchegaray JM, Sexton JB, Helmreich RL, Thomas EJ. Job satisfaction ratings: measurement equivalence across nurses and physicians. West J Nurs Res. 2010 Jun;32(4):530-9.
  • Pettker CM, Thung SF, Norwitz ER, Buhimschi CS, Raab CA, Copel JA, Kuczynski E, Lockwood CJ, Funai EF. Impact of a comprehensive patient safety strategy on obstetric adverse events. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2009;200(5):492.e1-8.
  • Relihan E, Glynn S, Daly D, Silke B, Ryder S. Measuring and benchmarking safety culture: application of the safety attitudes questionnaire to an acute medical admissions unit. Irish Journal of Medical Science 2009;178(4):433-439.
  • Deilkas ET, Hofoss D. Psychometric properties of the Norwegian version of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ), Generic version (Short Form 2006). BMC Health Serv Res. 2008;8:191.
  • Pronovost PJ, Berenholtz SM, Goeschel C, Thom I, Watson SR, Holzmueller CG, Lyon JS, Lubomski LH, Thompson DA, Needham D, Hyzy R, Welsh R, Roth G, Bander J, Morlock L, Sexton JB. Improving patient safety in intensive care units in Michigan. J Crit Care. 2008;23(2):207-21.
  • Frankel A, Grillo SP, Pittman M, Thomas EJ, Horowitz L, Page M, Sexton B. Revealing and resolving patient safety defects: the impact of leadership WalkRounds on frontline caregiver assessments of patient safety. Health Serv Res. 2008;43(6):2050-66.
  • Bognar A, Barach P, Johnson JK, Duncan RC, Birnbach D, Woods D, Holl JL, Bacha EA. Errors and the burden of errors: attitudes, perceptions, and the culture of safety in pediatric cardiac surgical teams. Ann Thorac Surg. 2008;85(4):1374-81.
  • Rodriguez-Paz JM. Dorman T. Patient Safety in the Intensive Care Unit. Clinical Pulmonary Medicine 2008;15(1):24-34.
  • Modak I, Sexton JB, Lux TR, Helmreich RL, Thomas EJ. Measuring Safety Culture in the Ambulatory Setting: The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire – Ambulatory Version. Journal of General Internal Medicine 2007;22:1-5. Editorial comments pages 155-156.
  • Davenport DL, Henderson WG, Mosca CL, Khuri SF, Mentzer RM Jr. Risk-adjusted morbidity in teaching hospitals correlates with reported levels of communication and collaboration on surgical teams but not with scale measures of teamwork climate, safety climate, or working conditions. J Am Coll Surg. 2007;205(6):778-84.
  • Huang DT, Clermont G, Sexton JB, Karlo CA, Miller RG, Weissfeld LA, Rowan KM, Angus DC. Perceptions of safety culture vary across the intensive care units of a single institution. Crit Care Med. 2007;35(1):165-76.
  • K Shostek. Developing a Culture of Safety in Ambulatory Care Settings. J Ambulatory Care Manage. 2007;30(2):105-13.
  • Wisniewski AM, Erdley WS, Singh R, Servoss TJ, Naughton BJ, Singh G. Assessment of safety attitudes in a skilled nursing facility. Geriatr Nurs. 2007;28(2):126-36.
  • Sexton JB, Helmreich RL, Neilands TB, Rowan K, Vella K, Boyden J, Roberts PR, Thomas EJ. The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire: psychometric properties, benchmarking data, and emerging research. BMC Health Services Research 2006;6:44
  • Sexton JB, Makary MA, Tersigni AR, Pryor D, Hendrich A, Thomas EJ, Holzmueller CG, Wu Y, Pronovost PJ. Teamwork in the Operating Room: Frontline Perspectives among Hospitals and Operating Room Personnel. Anesthesia 2006;105:877-884. Editorial comment p 869-870.
  • Sexton JB, Holzmueller CG, Pronovost PJ, Thomas EJ, McFerran S, Nunes J, Thompson DA, Knight AP, Penning DH, Fox HE. Variation in Caregiver Perceptions of Teamwork Climate in Labor and Delivery Units. J Perinatol 2006;26:463-470.
  • Pronovost P, Holzmueller CG, Needham DM, Sexton JB, Miller M, Berenholtz S, Wu AW, Perl TM, Davis R, Baker D, Winner L, Morlock L. How will we know patients are safer? An organization-wide approach to measuring and improving safety. Crit Care Med. 2006;34(7):1988-95
  • Sexton JB, Holzmueller CG, Pronovost PJ, Thomas EJ, McFerran S, Nunes J, Thompson DA, Knight AP, Penning DH, Fox HE. Variation in caregiver perceptions of teamwork climate in labor and delivery units. J Perinatol. 2006;26(8):463-70.
  • Bleakley A, Boyden J, Hobbs A, Walsh L, Allard J. Improving teamwork climate in operating theatres: the shift from multiprofessionalism to interprofessionalism. J Interprof Care. 2006;20(5):461-70.
  • Thomas EJ, Sexton JB, Neilands TB, Frankel A, Helmreich RL. The effect of executive walk rounds on nurse safety climate attitudes. A randomized trial of clinical units. BMC Health Services Research 2005;5:28.
  • Thomas EJ, Sexton BJ, Helmreich RL. Discrepant attitudes about teamwork among critical care nurses and physicians. Critical Care Medicine 2003;31:956-959. Editorial comment p. 993.
  • Sexton JB, Thomas EJ, Helmreich RL. Error, stress, and teamwork in medicine and aviation: data from the frontlines. British Medical Journal. 2000;320:745-749.