Keisha Ray among philosophers weighing-in on reopening higher education institutions

Several philosophers shared perspectives on reopening higher education institutions in a recent Daily Nous piece entitled, “Philosophers on Reopening Colleges and Universities in a Pandemic.” The piece featured six essays, including one by Keisha Ray, PhD, “Going Back to School During a Global Pandemic: A Case Study.” In the essay, Ray uses the four principles of biomedical ethics—autonomy, justice, beneficence, and nonmaleficence— to evaluate the ethical dilemma of institutional reopenings amid the global pandemic. Ray discusses that the four principles “challenge the ethical permissibility of in-person classes,” suggesting that online classes, though not ideal, remain a viable alternative to face-to-face instruction and pose a lower risk of spreading or contracting COVID-19.