The Rheumatology service at The University of Texas Health Science Center provides diagnosis, treatment, and medical management of patients with arthritis, autoimmune rheumatic conditions, and musculoskeletal pain disorders.
Our goal is to diagnose, treat and medically manage patients with arthritis, autoimmune rheumatic diseases, musculoskeletal pain disorders and osteoporosis. There are more than 100 types of these diseases, including ankylosing spondylitis (AS), rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus. These health problems affect the joints, muscles, bones and sometimes other internal organs, including the kidneys, lungs, blood vessels, brain.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder that typically affects the small joints in your hands and feet. Unlike the wear-and-tear damage of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis affects the lining of your joints, causing a painful swelling that can eventually result in bone erosion and joint deformity.
Psoriatic arthritis is a condition that causes pain and swelling in the joints. Psoriatic arthritis occurs in people with skin disease characterized by a dry, scaly, itchy skin rash that most commonly occurs on the elbows, knees and scalp.
Spondyloarthropathy is a type of arthritis that can causes inflammation in spine apart from affecting other joints. The tendon and ligament tissue near the spine or joint is also involved. A high percentage of people with these diseases share a similar gene called HLA B27. Finally, many patients also have inflamed areas in the eye, bowel, genital tract or skin. There are different types including:
- Ankylosing spondylitis
- Inflammatory bowel disease related arthropathy
- Psoriatic arthropathy
- Reiter syndrome
- Undifferentiated Spondyloarthropathy
Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis in which joint cartilage- the rubbery material that covers the ends of bones wears away causing pain and stiffness in joints
PMR is an inflammatory disorder typically seen in older adults that causes widespread aching, stiffness and flu like symptoms.
Giant cell arteritis or temporal arteritis is inflammation of blood vessel most commonly in scalp, neck and arms. Symptoms are severe headache, scalp tenderness, temporary or sustained vision loss, jaw pain, persistent sore throat, fatigue and fever.
Myositis means inflammation of the muscles that you use to move your body. An injury, infection, or autoimmune disease can cause it. Two specific kinds are polymyositis and dermatomyositis. Polymyositis causes muscle weakness, usually in the muscles closest to the trunk of your body. Dermatomyositis causes muscle weakness, plus a skin rash.
Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis that develops in some people who have high level of uric acid in the blood.
Gout like arthritis resulting from crystal of calcium pyrophosphate.
Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease. People with lupus have an overactive and misdirected immune system. Lupus is systemic meaning that it affects various organs including skin, joints, kidney and sometimes even brain.
Sjogren’s syndrome is a chronic, inflammatory autoimmune disease that causes dryness of the eyes, mouth and other parts. In addition it may cause arthritis, muscles pain and inflammation in the lungs, kidneys, nerve and skin.
Scleroderma is a group of rare diseases that involve the hardening and tightening of the skin and connective tissues — the fibers that provide the framework and support for your body. In some people, scleroderma affects only the skin. But in many people, scleroderma also harms structures beyond the skin — such as blood vessels, lungs, and the digestive tract. Signs and symptoms vary, depending on which structures are affected.
Fibromyalgia is a medical condition characterized by chronic widespread pain and a heightened and painful response to pressure. Other symptoms include feeling tired to a degree that normal activities are affected, sleep disturbance, and joint stiffness
Osteoporosis is a condition in which bone tissue breaks down faster than it is replaced. Any bone in the body can break if you have osteoporosis but the spine, hips, ribs and wrists are the most commonly fractured bone.
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Carpal tunnel syndrome is a hand and arm condition that causes numbness, tingling and other symptoms. Carpal tunnel syndrome is caused by a pinched nerve in your wrist.
Raynaud’s disease is a condition where exposure to cold or emotional stress triggers an exaggerated reduction of blood flow to skin causing skin to turn the color blue or pale white especially in fingers and toes.
Regional pain syndrome- bursitis & tendonitis
Bursitis and tendinitis are both common conditions that cause swelling around muscles and bones. They occur most often in the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee, or ankle.
Low back pain & neck pain
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