McGovern Medical School

Contact Info

Academic Office

Gastroenterology Division Director,

Education & Background

Graduate School
Johns Hopkins University
Baltimore, MD
Los Angeles, CA
The Hospital for Sick Children
Toronto, Ontario, Canada


American Board of Pediatrics, 1986
Certification in Pediatric Gastroenterology, 1990, recertified in 1997, 2004
North Carolina Licensure, 1986
Louisiana State Licensure, 2002
State of Texas Licensure, 2007-present


Clinical Interests
Diarrheal disease, particularly rotavirus diarrhea, Inflammatory Bowel Disease,
Research Interests
Infantile colic


  1. Liu Y, Fatheree NY, Dingle BM, Tran DQ, and Rhoads JM. Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 changes the frequency of Foxp3+ regulatory T cells in the intestine and mesenteric lymph node in experimental necrotizing enterocolitis. PloS ONE 8 (2): e56547, 2013. PMID: 23437165.
  2. Chapman JC, Liu Y, Zhu L, and Rhoads JM.  Arginine and citrulline protect intestinal cell monolayer tight junctions from hypoxia-induced injury in piglets. Pediatric Research. 72(6): 576-582, 2012. PMID: 23041662.
  3. Mangalat N*, Liu Y*, Fatheree NY, Ferris MJ, Van Arsdall MR, Chen Z, Rahbar MH, Gleason WA, Norori J, Tran DQ, and Rhoads JM. Safety and tolerability of Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 and effects on biomarkers in healthy adults: results from a randomized masked trial. PLoS ONE 7 (9): e43910, 2012.  *authors are equally contributed to this research. PMID: 22970150.
  4. Liu Y, Fatheree NY, Mangalat N, Rhoads JM.  Lactobacillus reuteri strains reduce incidence and severity of experimental necrotizing enterocolitis via modulation of TLR4 and NFkB signaling in the intestine.  Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 302: G608-G617, 2012. PMID: 22207578.
  5. Bhardwaj J, Wan DQ, Koenig MK, Liu Y, Hashmi SS, Rhoads JM.  Impaired gastric emptying and small bowel transit in children with mitochondrial disorders.  J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. Aug; 55(2):194-9, 2012.  PMID: 22437476.
  6. Liu Y, Fatheree NY, Mangalat N, Rhoads JM.  Human Derived Probiotic Lactobacillus reuteri Strains Differentially Reduce Intestinal Inflammation.  Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 299: G1087-G1096, 2010. PMID: 20798357.
  7. Liu Y, Zhu L, Fatheree NY, Liu X, Pacheco SE, Tatevian N, and Rhoads JM. Changes in intestinal toll-like receptors and cytokines precede histological injury in a rat model of necrotizing enterocolitis. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 297: G442-G450, 2009.  PMID: 19608731.
  8. Rhoads JM, Fatheree NY, Norori J, Liu Y, Lucke JF, Tyson JE, and Ferris MJ.  Altered fecal microflora and intestinal inflammation in babies with colic.  J.  Pediatr. 155 (6); 823-828, 2009.  Accompanying editorial:  Moore DJ.  Inflammation the debate on infant colic.  J Pediatr. 155 (6):772-3, 2009. PMID: 19628216, accompanying editorial:  Moore DJ.  Inflaming the debate on infant colic.  J Pediatr. 2009 Dec;155(6):772-3.
  9. Rhoads JM, Liu Y, Niu X, Surendran S, and Wu G. Arginine stimulates cdx2-transformed intestinal epithelial cell migration via a mechanism requiring both nitric oxide and phosphorylation of p70 S6 kinase. The Journal of Nutrition 138: 1652-1657, 2008.  PMID: 18716165.