Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis
What is Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis?
Cerebral thrombosis is a rare disorder that occurs when a clot in the brain’s venous sinuses prevents blood from leaving the brain. The blood cells may leak into brain tissues, causing a hemorrhage and stroke. The condition is categorized based on the size of the area of blockage in the brain as either large or small. It can lead to swelling and hemorrhage in the brain, and can lead to a stroke in people of all ages, including those still in utero. A stroke is a serious condition that requires immediate medical treatment.
Causes of Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis
Risk factors for infants and children include infections, dehydration, head injuries, iron deficiency, heart disease, blood clotting disorders, and sickle cell anemia. Adults are at a higher risk if they have cancer, a blood-clotting disorder, or a collagen vascular disorder. Obesity and low blood pressure in the brain also increase risk. Women are at a higher risk if they are pregnant or just delivered a baby. People can reduce their risk of stroke by living a healthy lifestyle that includes exercise and a low-fat diet.
Symptoms of Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis
Headaches, seizures, fainting, blurred vision, and even coma are symptoms of cerebral thrombosis. Patients may lose control of part of their body.
Diagnosis of Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis
A doctor will examine you immediately if any type of stroke is suspected. Diagnosis is usually made based on the results of imaging, including an MRI or CT scan. Your doctor will examine how blood is flowing in the brain. Blood tests may also be ordered.
Treatment of Cerebral Venous Thrombosis
Any type of stroke is considered a medical emergency, and patients must receive immediate care to determine the appropriate treatment and to have the best chance at a full recovery. Doctors may provide fluids, antibiotics, anticoagulants, and antiseizure medicines. The pressure inside the patient’s head will be monitored and brain activity will be monitored. Surgery may be needed in some cases.
What you can expect at UTHealth Neurosciences
UTHealth Neurosciences brings together a multidisciplinary team of board-certified, fellowship-trained neurosurgeons, neurologists, researchers, and pain management specialists to help provide relief for even the most complex problems. Your team will share insights, leading to better treatment decisions and outcomes. You will receive expert care, excellent communication, and genuine compassion.
We first investigate nonsurgical treatment options, including medical management, pain management, physical therapy, rehabilitation, and watchful waiting. When surgery is needed, our neurosurgeons routinely employ innovative minimally invasive techniques. Throughout the treatment process, we will work closely with the doctor who referred you to ensure a smooth transition back to your regular care. While you are with us, you will receive expert care, excellent communication, and genuine compassion.
At UTHealth Houston Neurosciences, we offer patients access to specialized neurological care at clinics across the greater Houston area. To ask us a question, schedule an appointment, or learn more about us, please call (713) 486-8000, or click below to send us a message. In the event of an emergency, call 911 or go to the nearest Emergency Room.