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Spinal Fusion for Severe Back Pain

Spinal fusion may be recommended to treat severe pain resulting from vertebral fracture, scoliosis, spinal stenosis, degenerative disc disease, spondylolisthesis, and similar conditions. It is a surgical procedure that provides stability and reduces back pain by joining together two or more bones (vertebrae) in the spine.

Spinal fusion may be recommended when conservative therapies, such as medication and physical therapy, fail to improve severe neck and back pain that accompanies motion. The procedure reduces pain by stopping the movement in the disc space between two vertebrae by joining them together with bone grafts, metal plates, and rods.

Several methods of spinal fusion are available, depending on the severity of the patient’s condition, the location of the pain, and the number of vertebrae that need to be fused. Most patients remain in the hospital two to four days, depending on the number of vertebrae fused. Some patients wear braces for spinal support during healing, and outpatient physical therapy may be prescribed to help with pain and inflammation, and to help regain mobility.

The average recovery time is six to 12 weeks. Your spine surgeon will give you specific information related to your particular condition and lifestyle goals, as well as a detailed description of the surgery and instructions on how to make the best recovery.

Spine Disease and Back Pain


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