The Comprehensive Sinus Program, a joint effort of Memorial Hermann-Texas Medical Center and the Texas Sinus Institute (TSI) of the Department of Otorhinolaryngology at The University of Texas Medical School at Houston, is founded on four related and interdependent spheres: excellence in patient care, quality education for patients and healthcare professionals, incorporation of new technologies and development of new therapeutics through translational research.

Samer Fakhri, M.D., and his partners, Amber Luong, M.D., Ph.D., and Martin J. Citardi, M.D., form the core of TSI, which offers expertise in the medical and surgical management of sinus and nasal disorders with special focus on fungal and refractory chronic rhinosinusitis. “The population of the southern parts of the country, especially eastern Texas and the Mississippi Basin, is particularly affected by a distinct and aggressive form of chronic rhinosinusitis referred to as allergic fungal rhinosinusitis (AFRS),” says Dr. Fakhri. “At TSI we see a much higher proportion of AFRS due to the nature of our referral patterns.”

AFRS is an aggressive inflammatory process that affects the sinonasal cavity and has the potential to erode into adjacent structures, including the orbit and skull base. The management of AFRS involves surgical intervention followed by medical therapy.

“The objectives of treatment for AFRS mandate comprehensive surgery, even in critical areas devoid of bone along the skull base and orbit,” Dr. Fakhri says. “Our surgical approach is highly precise, minimally invasive, and exceedingly technical so that operative risks are minimized without compromising the surgical goals.”

TSI rhinologists also treat a large number of patients who have not responded well to medical therapies or who have previously undergone surgery. “Patients with persistent symptoms after sinus surgery present a difficult treatment challenge,” Dr. Fakhri says. “If a patient has refractory chronic rhinosinusitis or sinonasal polyposis after initial surgery and appropriate medical therapy, revision surgery may be necessary. The revision procedure, however, entails a higher surgical risk due to the distortion in anatomy from previous sinus surgery and inflammatory disease.” A large proportion of the surgical volume at TSI consists of advanced and revision endoscopic sinus surgeries.

TSI rhinologists also incorporate comprehensive medical management into the treatment regimen. This approach optimizes the long-term outcomes from complex surgical interventions. Patients are evaluated and treated in a state-of-the-art clinical facility, fully equipped with video endoscopy and robust image archiving. They have the option of viewing their own endoscopic examinations on bright flat-panel monitors. “Although not all patients wish to see their own examinations, most patients welcome the opportunity to learn about their nasal and sinus health and to participate more directly in the decision-making process,” says Dr. Fakhri.

Comprehensive imaging and laboratory testing is available on site. A spectrum of treatments is available for TSI patients, including in-office procedures and innovative therapies.

TSI rhinologists are proficient in advanced sinus surgery, revision endoscopic sinus surgery, frontal sinus surgery, endoscopic orbital decompression, endoscopic optic nerve decompression, and endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy. The surgical suites at Memorial Hermann offer patients the latest technology in true high-definition video endoscopy and computer-aided surgery with image guidance, as well as specialized and powered instrumentation.

Dr. Fakhri, Dr. Luong and Dr. Citardi are also part of the Texas Skull Base Physicians—a joint program with the Mischer Neuroscience Institute—which offers multidisciplinary expertise for benign and malignant skull base lesions and features minimally invasive approaches for this complex anatomic region.

“We’ve expanded our practice dramatically over the last year as other physicians have become more aware of the services we offer,” Dr. Fakhri adds. “We’re here to support the otolaryngology community as well as other physicians by providing them with high-end clinical expertise in the diagnosis and treatment of very complex conditions.”

To refer a patient to a TSI rhinologist, please call 713.486.5000.

Learn more information about functional endoscopic sinus surgery.