Vivian Kaul, MD, is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology. Dr. Kaul completed her neurotology fellowship at the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center where she was also a lecturer in the audiology department. She is a cum laude graduate with a major in neuroscience from the College of William & Mary and received her medical degree from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical School in Dallas. She continued her training with an otolaryngology residency at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City. Dr. Kaul is dual board certified by the American Board of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery in both Otolaryngology and Neurotology.

She is a member of the American Academy of Otolaryngology – Head & Neck Surgery, the American Neurotology Society, the Triological Society, and the North American Skull Base Society. Dr. Kaul has collaborated on many articles, oral presentations, and poster presentations and is the author of several book chapter reviews.

Dr. Kaul is fluent in both English and Mandarin. She has been both a marathon runner and a competitive figure skater.


Medical School
UT Southwestern Medical School, 2016
Mount Sinai Hospital, 2021
The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, 2023

Areas of Interest

Clinical Interests

Her clinical interests include hearing loss, cochlear implants, bone anchored hearing aids, acoustic neuroma, vestibular schwannoma, imbalance, vertigo, tinnitus, otosclerosis, and cholesteatoma.


Oral Presentations

Wykoff ZA, Harris MK, Kaul VF, et al. Neurotologist vs. Radiation Oncologist – Who is Quicker to Intervene on Vestibular Schwannomas? Submitted to NASBS 2023

Zhang L, Harris MK, Kato MG, Kaul VF, et al. Clinical Outcomes of Cystic versus Solid Vestibular Schwannomas Following Microsurgical Resection. AAO-HNS 2022

Kato MG, Kaul VF, Zhang L, et al. Why Do Cochlear Implant Candidates Defer Surgery? A Retrospective Case-control Study. AAO-HNS 2022

Harris MK, Kaul VF, Zhang L, et al. Predictors of Long-term Facial Nerve Function after Resection of Vestibular Schwannomas. AAO-HNS 2022

Kaul VF, Ngombu S, Bergman M, et al. Why do Cochlear implantation candidates decide against surgery? Exploring Factors that Influence the Likelihood of Loss to Follow-up. ACIA 2022

Huttinger A, Kaul VF, Munjal V, et al. Assessing the Impact of COVID-19 on Cochlear Implantation Candidacy and Surgical Volume. ACIA 2022

Fan CJ, Mavrommatis MA, Wong K, Kaul VF, et al. Quality of life of Chinese-Americans with cochlear implants. ACIA 2022

Kaul VF, Harris MK, Gao T, et al. Outcomes of Extended Middle Fossa Approach for Petroclival Tumors in the Elderly. NASBS 2021

Kaul VF; James J; Chow K; Desrosiers AC; Ramanathan K; Chandrasekhar SS; “Snapshot of Vestibular Schwannoma Management in a Large Private Practice Setting” Vestibular Schwannoma Conference at Mayo Clinic – 2019

Kaul VF; Schwam ZG; Filip P; Laitman J; Wanna, GB; “Cadaveric feasibility study of exoscope assisted transcanal approach to the internal auditory canal” AAO-HNS 2019

Kaul VF; Roof S; De Serres L; “Rare Congenital Neck Mass: Video of 4th Branchial Cleft Fistula Contents” ASPO 2019

Zhu VF; Kou Y; Lee KJ; Kutz JW; Isaacson B; “Transcanal Endoscopic Ear Surgery for the Management of Congenital Ossicular Fixation”AAO-HNS – 2015

Poster Presentations

Harris MK, Kaul VF, Bergman M et al. Surgical Outcomes of Hearing Rehabilitation After Transcutaneous Bone-Conduction Implantation in a Large Adult and Pediatric Case Series. AOS – 2022

Chow K, Kaul VF, Levine-Madoff J, Wanna GB, Cosetti MK. Does Auditory Environment Predict Speech Perception Outcomes in Elderly Cochlear Implant Patients? ANS Spring Meeting – 2022

Wong K, Schwam ZG, Kaul VF, Wanna GB. Enlarged Cochlear Aperture as a Risk Factor for Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak during Cochlear Implant Surgery. COSM Triological Society’s Annual Meeting – 2020

Kaul, VF, Schwam ZG, Kidwai SM, Cosetti MK. Intraoperative Navigation for Congenital Aural Atresiaplasty. COSM Triological Society’s Annual Meeting – 2020

Kaul VF, Kinberg E, Schwam ZG, Iloreta A, Cosetti MK. Fungal osteomyelitis of the anterior and lateral skull base COSM Triological Society’s Annual Meeting – 2020

Shang, TJ; Meyer A; Liu D; Kaul V; Westreich R; The Effectiveness of Percutaneous Radiofrequency in Post-Operative Rhinoplasty Patients AAFPRS Conference – 2019

Kaul VF; Schwam ZG; Cosetti M; Fungal Osteomyelitis of the Temporal Bone: Case Series and Review of the Literature AOS Conference – 2019

Schwam ZG; Ferrandino R; Kaul,VZ; Cosetti MK; Wanna GB; National 30-day readmission and hospitalization patterns in acute mastoiditis AOS Conference – 2019

Schwam ZG; Ferrandino R; Kaul VZ; Wanna GB; Cosetti MK; Thirty Day Readmission and Prolonged Length of Stay in Malignant Otitis Externa AOS Conference – 2019

Schwam ZG; Ferrandino R; Kaul VZ; Cosetti MK; Wanna GB; National 30-Day Readmission and Prolonged Length of Stay After Vestibular Schwannoma Surgery: Analysis of the Nationwide Readmission Database AOS Conference – 2019

Schwam ZG; Carlson ML; Cosetti MK; Sweeney AD; Kaul VZ; Wanna, GB; Hunter JZ; Comparing Perimodiolar and Lateral Wall Cochlear Implant Electrodes in the Same Patient: A Multi-Institutional Comparison of Mapping Parameters and Audiometric Outcomes ACIA Conference – 2019

Machado R; Kaul VF; Schaberg M; Del Signore A; Sinonasal schwannoma case series and literature review ARS Conference – 2020


Mavrommatis MA, Kaul VF, Fan CJ, et al. Temporal Changes in Endolymphatic Hydrops on MRI with or without Intervention: a Systematic Review. Pending Acceptance – Submitted to Otology & Neurotology Sep 2022

Bu DD, Schwam ZG, Kaul VF, et al. Cost-effectiveness of Canal Wall-Up vs Canal Wall-Down Mastoidectomy: A Modeling Study [published online ahead of print, 2022 Feb 8]. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2022;1945998221076051. doi:10.1177/01945998221076051

Fan CJ, Kaul VF, Mavrommatis MA, et al. Endoscopic Versus Microscopic Stapedotomy: A Single-Blinded Randomized Control Trial. Otol Neurotol. 2021;4 (10):1460-1466. doi:10.1097/MAO.0000000000003298

Wong K, Schwam ZG, Arrighi-Allisan AE, Fan CJ, Kaul VF, et al. Sharing In-Office Otoscopy Recordings May Improve Patient Satisfaction: A Prospective Cohort Study. Submitted to The Laryngoscope, in Print

Schwam ZG, Kaul VF, Perez E, et al. Initial Experience With a Recently Developed Lateral Wall Electrode. The Laryngoscope. July 2021. doi:10.1002/lary.29779.

Wong K, Kaul VF, Fan CJ, Schwam ZG, Cosetti MK. Is There a Role for Intraoperative Navigation During Cochlear Implantation in Patients With Aural Atresia? Otology & Neurotology. 2021;Publish Ahead of Print. doi:10.1097/mao.0000000000003283.

Kaul VF, Schwam ZG, Filip P, Laitman J, Wanna GB. Cadaveric Feasibility Study of Exoscope-Assisted Transcanal Transpromontorial Approach to the Internal Auditory Canal. Otology & Neurotology. 2021;Publish Ahead of Print. doi:10.1097/mao.0000000000003273.

Mavrommatis MA, Fan CJ, Villavisanis DF, Kaul VF, et al. Opioids Are Infrequently Required following Ambulatory Otologic Surgery. Otology & Neurotology. 2021;Publish Ahead of Print. doi:10.1097/mao.0000000000003264.

Genden EM, Miles BA, Harkin TJ, Demaria S, Kaufman AJ, Mayland E, Kaul VF, et al. Single-stage long-segment tracheal transplantation. American Journal of Transplantation. July 2021. doi:10.1111/ajt.16752

Kaul VF, Fan CJ, Perez E, Schwam ZG, Hadjipanayis C, Wanna GB. 3D Exoscope Navigation-Guided Approach to Middle Cranial Fossa. Otology & Neurotology. 2021;Publish Ahead of Print. doi:10.1097/mao.0000000000003185

Fan CJ, Kaul VF, Wong K, Govindan A, Schwam ZG, Cosetti MK. Intraoperative navigation during atresiaplasty for congenital aural atresia. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology. 2021;146:110756. doi:10.1016/j.ijporl.2021.110756

Chow K, Kaul VF, Levine-Madoff J, et al. Does Auditory Environment Predict Speech Perception Outcomes in Elderly Cochlear Implant Patients? Audiology and Neurotology. May 2021:1-9. doi:10.1159/000513637

Bu DD, Schwam ZG, Neifert SN, Ferrandino R, Kaul VZ, et al. The Price of Otologic Procedures. Otology & Neurotology. 2021;Publish Ahead of Print. doi:10.1097/mao.0000000000003151

Schwam ZG, Kaul VF, Bu DD, et al. The utility of augmented reality in lateral skull base surgery: A preliminary report. American Journal of Otolaryngology. 2021;42(4):102942. doi:10.1016/j.amjoto.2021.102942

Kaul VF, Filip P, Schwam ZG, Wanna GB. Nuances in transcanal endoscopic surgical technique for glomus tympanicum tumors. American Journal of Otolaryngology. 2020;41(5):102562. doi:10.1016/j.amjoto.2020.102562

Kaul VF, Chow K, Estrera SL, Schwam ZG, Wanna GB. Microdrill in endoscopic stapes surgery: Is it safe? American Journal of Otolaryngology. 2020;41(6):102666. doi:10.1016/j.amjoto.2020.102666

Wong K, Schwam ZG, Kaul VZ, Wanna GB. Enlarged Cochlear Aperture as a Risk Factor for Cerebrospinal Fluid Gusher During Cochlear Implant Surgery. Ear, Nose & Throat Journal. August 2020:014556132094763. doi:10.1177/0145561320947631

Schwam ZG; Ferrandino R; Kaul VZ; Omorogbe A; Bu DD; Faddoul DG; Cosetti MK Wanna GB. The national landscape of acute mastoiditis: Analysis of the Nationwide Readmissions Database. 2020; Otal Neurotol

Schwam ZG; Ferrandino R; Kaul VZ; Wanna GB; Cosetti MK; Thirty-day readmission and prolonged length of stay in malignant otitis externa. Laryngoscope. 2019; Wiley Online Library. doi: 10.1002/lary.28409.

Chow K, Kaul VF, Iacob CE, Cosetti MK. Amyloidosis Presenting as a Mass Abutting the Tympanic Membrane. Ear, Nose & Throat Journal. 2019:014556131986845. doi:10.1177/0145561319868453.

Deutsch BC, Schwam ZG, Kaul VZ, Wanna GB. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia of the external ear. American Journal of Otolaryngology. 2019;40(3):453-455. doi:10.1016/j.amjoto.2019.03.007.

Kaul VF. An Unusual Case of Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss after Cycling Class. Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery. 2019;5(1):1 5. doi:10.24966/ohns-010x/100026.

Manna S, Kaul VF, Gray ML, Wanna GB. Endoscopic Versus Microscopic Middle Ear Surgery. Otology & Neurotology. 2019;40(8):983-993. doi:10.1097/mao.0000000000002353.

Manna S, Gray ML, Kaul VF, Wanna G. Phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) Inhibitors and Ototoxicity. Otology & Neurotology. 2019;40(3):276-283. doi:10.1097/mao.0000000000002148.

Schwam ZG, Kaul VZ, Cosetti MK, Wanna GB. Accuracy of a Modern Intraoperative Navigation System for Temporal Bone Surgery in a Cadaveric Model. Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery. 2019;161(5):842-845. doi:10.1177/0194599819864292.

Schwam ZG, Ferrandino R, Kaul VZ, Cosetti MK, Wanna GB. National 30-day readmission and prolonged length of stay after vestibular schwannoma surgery: Analysis of the Nationwide Readmissions Database. American Journal of Otolaryngology. 2019:102290. doi:10.1016/j.amjoto.2019.102290.

Schwam ZG, Kaul VZ, Cosetti MK, Wanna GB. The utility of intraoperative navigation of the temporal bone for otolaryngology resident training. The Laryngoscope. May 2019. doi:10.1002/lary.28219.

Schwam ZG, Kaul VZ, Shrivastava R, Wanna GB. Purely intracranial vagal schwannoma: A case report of a rare lesion. American Journal of Otolaryngology. 2019;40(3):443-444. doi:10.1016/j.amjoto.2019.02.011.

Kaul V, Cosetti MK. Management of Vestibular Schwannoma (Including NF2). Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America. 2018;51(6):1193-1212. doi:10.1016/j.otc.2018.07.015.

Schwam ZG, Kaul VZ, Wanna GB. Endoscopic resection of a chorda tympani schwannoma: A novel approach for an exceedingly rare entity. The Laryngoscope. 2018;129(5):1188-1190. doi:10.1002/lary.27482.

Stepan KO, Kaul VF, Raquib AR, et al. An Evaluation of the Program-Specific Paragraph in the Otolaryngology Residency Application. The Laryngoscope. 2018;128(11):2508-2513. doi:10.1002/lary.27553.

Yang J, Zhang Z, Zhang Y, Ni X, Zhang G, Cui X, Liu M, Xu C, Zhang Q, Zhu H, Yan J, Zhu VF, et al. ZIP4 Promotes Muscle Wasting and Cachexia in Mice With Orthotopic Pancreatic Tumors by Stimulating RAB27B-Regulated Release of Extracellular Vesicles From Cancer Cells. Gastroenterology. 2018;156(3). doi:10.1053/j.gastro.2018.10.026.

Baik FM, Zhu V, Patel A, Urken ML. Airway management for symptomatic benign thyroid goiters with retropharyngeal involvement: Need for a surgical airway with report of 2 cases. Otolaryngology Case Reports. 2018;7:10-12. doi:10.1016/j.xocr.2017.10.003.

Wick CC, Arnaoutakis D, Kaul VF, Isaacson B. Endoscopic Lateral Cartilage Graft Tympanoplasty. Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery. 2017;157(4):683-689. doi:10.1177/0194599817709436.

Zhu VF, Kou Y-F, Lee KH, Kutz JW, Isaacson B. Transcanal Endoscopic Ear Surgery for the Management of Congenital Ossicular Fixation. Otology & Neurotology. 2016;37(8):1071-1076. doi:10.1097/mao.0000000000001154.

Kou Y-F, Zhu VF, Kutz JW, Mitchell RB, Isaacson B. Transcanal Endoscopic Management of Cerebrospinal Fluid Otorrhea Secondary to Congenital Inner Ear Malformations. Otology & Neurotology. 2016;37(1):62-65. doi:10.1097/mao.0000000000000898.

Zhu VF, Isaacson B, Mull J, Myers LL. Recurrent Cholesteatoma With Massive Extension to Temporoparietal Scalp. Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology. 2014;123(11):754-757. doi:10.1177/0003489414538402.

Lin Y, Chen Y, Wang Y, Yang J, Zhu VF, Liu Y, Cui X, Chen L, Yan W, Jiang T, Hergenroeder GW, Fletcher SA, Levine JM, Kim DH, Tandon N, Zhu J-J, Li M. ZIP4 is a novel molecular marker for glioma. Neuro-Oncology. 2013;15(8):1008-1016. doi:10.1093/neuonc/not042.

Zhang Y, Yang J, Cui X, Chen Y, Zhu VF, Hagan JP, Wang H, Yu X, Hodges SE, Fang J, Chiao PJ, Logsdon CD, Fisher WE, Brunicardi FC, Chen C, Yao Q, Fernandez Zapico ME, Li M. A novel epigenetic CREB miR373 axis mediates ZIP4 induced pancreatic cancer growth. EMBO Molecular Medicine. 2013;5(9):1322-1334. doi:10.1002/emmm.201302507.

Vivian F Zhu, L.M., Changes in Head and Neck Free Flap Reconstructions over 10 year Period: Analysis of Clinical Outcomes. UTSW MSRP 2013.

Vivian F Zhu, S.C., Amit Pandya, Patient Satisfaction with Different Treatment Modalities for Vitiligo. UTSW MSRP, 2013.

Zhu VF, Yang J, Lebrun DG, Li M. Understanding the role of cytokines in Glioblastoma Multiforme pathogenesis. Cancer Letters. 2012;316(2):139-150. doi:10.1016/j.canlet.2011.11.001.

Ke S, Zhang F, Wang W, Qiu X, Lin J, Cameron AG, Zou C, Gao X, Zou C, Zhu VF, Li M. Multiple Target-Specific Molecular Imaging Agents Detect Liver Cancer in a Preclinical Model. Current Molecular Medicine. 2012;12(8):944-951. doi:10.2174/156652412802480952.

Mao H, Lebrun DG, Yang J, Zhu VF, Li M. Deregulated Signaling Pathways in Glioblastoma Multiforme: Molecular Mechanisms and Therapeutic Targets. Cancer Investigation. 2012;30(1):48-56. doi:10.3109/07357907.2011.630050.

Book Chapter Reviews

Kaul, VF. (2020). Head and Neck Lymphoma and Sarcoma. In: ENT Board Prep: High Yield Review for the Otolaryngology In-Service and Board Exams (2nd Edition) , by F. Lin & Z. Patel. New York City: Springer Nature (Publication in process)

Kaul, VF. (2020). Head and Neck Reconstruction: Local, Pericles, and Free Flaps. In: ENT Board Prep: High Yield Review for the Otolaryngology In-Service and Board Exams (2nd Edition), by F. Lin & Z. Patel. New York City: Springer Nature (Publication in process)

Kaul, VF, Rosenberg JD. Book Review: Cutaneous Malignancies a Surgical Perspective. June 27, 2018 Book Review.